What does it really take to sell something online?
Think about this for two seconds: You go to your favourite e-commerce site that sells books to check out the latest marketing book. You're about to buy it, but before you click the "add to cart" button, you peruse what other people thought of the book.
Even though the publisher describes it as the "feel-good marketing business book of the year," Sally from Pembroke, Ontario, lets you know that it's nothing more than regurgitated marketing pap that you've read a million times before. There is a handful of additional peer reviews on the same page that spell out a similar story. According to random strangers you have never met the book scores about a two out of a possible five stars.
Do you still buy the book?
Why do we trust random people over the publisher of the book? Shouldn't the publisher have a lot more skill and aptitude in discerning whether or not a book is good? More importantly, has the book seller completely lost its mind? Why would they run negative reviews of a product they are trying to sell?
Last week in Las Vegas, I spoke at the Shop.org Annual Summit. Shop.org is a division of the National Retail Federation and one of the largest associations with a focus on retail executives who sell their stuff online. (Full disclosure: Twist Image is a member of Shop.org and we sit on their Content Committee). For the past several years, I've been presenting to this group on the value of providing some of the many social media applications to their customers. While it might seem obvious that the bigger retailers jump all over blogging, podcasting, online videos and getting into Facebook and MySpace, smaller retailers have been resistant.
The truth is that retailers have one goal online: One-click shopping. They want you on the site and buying. Everything else is a distraction and could reduce your impetus to buy.
But here's the reality: Shopping (online and in real life) is a social experience by nature. We don't go to shopping malls to buy and leave (at least not the majority of us). We go to shopping malls to walk around, see people, socialize, etc. ... It is part of who we are as community members. The online experience must replicate this to benefit from the same results that the physical stores have seen over the years.
Welcome to Selling 2.0.
The average e-commerce site has a two-per-cent conversion rate. You read that right. With all of their tactics to get you to buy, 98 per cent of the people who search for a product online, find an e-commerce page, click on it, browse around, but never buy a thing. From poor usability to lack of trust, the average e-commerce operator is not able to get most people to buy anything. One tool that is turning things around is peer reviews. Remember Sally from Pembroke?
Three things you need to know about how big of an industry buying online is:
2. According to a recent Nielsen Global Online Survey (February 2008), "85 per cent of the online population has shopped online."
The thing is, we just don't trust companies. We trust one another, and peer reviews are proof positive of this. Bazaarvoice is a company based out of Austin, Texas, that provides three-party audited peer reviews amongst other social shopping services to online retailers. It's a simple idea with long legs that has grown this company significantly.
Three-party audited peer reviews make sense. Not just to make sure that there's no bad language, talk of religion, etc. ... but it does build trust for the consumer knowing that the review is an actual human being and not an employee of the company.
According to Brett Hurt, founder and CEO of Bazaarvoice, shopping really is changing. Bazaarvoice has served over 10 billion peer reviews to date, and the majority of them are 4.5 out of five stars. Even more surprising, a negative review converts more effectively into a sale than a positive review.
You should read that last sentence again. How is that possible?
Consumers shopping online who read a negative review trust the site they are on for providing candid and real feedback, and are more likely to make a purchase there. The other explanation for this strange phenomenon, according to Hurt, is that many times while a review may be negative in nature, the content is not all that relevant to the customer. An example would be a professional photographer bashing a simple point-and-shoot camera for its lack of functions. But for the consumer who needs to do some quick family shots, the review is not relevant. We also learn that many consumers write reviews for the products they love. They don't just create peer reviews when the product sucks.
The big lesson: Opening up a shopping site and inviting customers to take part provides a deep and rich content experience that build trusts and loyalty amongst all consumers. At the same time, it brings to the digital channel many of the real-life components that make shopping so much fun.
People are also good by nature. They don't only write to complain. With 10 billion-plus peer reviews out there - and the majority of them 4.5 stars - Selling 2.0 is more about enabling and empowering your consumers to connect to one another as it is about having them click the "buy" button.
Which e-commerce sites do you think are getting it right?
The above posting is my twice-monthly column for the Montreal Gazette and Vancouver Sun newspapers called, New Business - Six Pixels of Separation, that was published today. I cross-post it here with all the links and tags for your reading pleasure, but you can check out the original versions online here: